Depression is a medical condition that causes a person to experience a never-ending feeling of grief, sadness and lack of interest in pursuing any kind of activity. This can prevent you from working and performing day-to-day chores and activities. If depression symptoms are not treated, the patient may feel life is worthless and even attempt suicide and can lost life.
[divider]Symptoms and Signs of Depression[/divider]
Before any depression treatment can be prescribed, you need to recognize the symptoms, which include the following:
- Crying for no reason
- Constantly thinking of suicide and death
- Difficulty remembering things and inability to concentrate
- Blaming yourself when things go wrong
- Feeling worthless
- Feeling tired
- Lacking energy to do anything
- Feelings of guilt and stress
- Irritable and prone to anger
Several antidepressant medications are prescribed by doctors to treat anxiety and the other symptoms brought about by depression. Antidepressants are usually classified by the way they affect or influence the chemicals in the brain responsible for mood swings.
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): The majority of depression cases are initially treated with SSRI, as they are capable of relieving depression symptoms without any unpleasant side effects. SSRIs include escitalopram, citalopram, sertraline, paroxetine and fluoxetine.
- Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs): SNRIs include desvenlafaxine, venlafaxine and duloxetine. The side effects are very much like those of SSRIs, including loss of sexual drive, constipation and sweating.
- Norepinephrine and dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs): An NDRI such as bupropion is among the few depression treatment and medications that does not have any effect on a person’s sexual performance, although an overdose can lead to seizures. They are however, effective in treating stress and anxiety.
- Tricyclic antidepressants: These antidepressants are usually only prescribed if SSRIs and other medications prove ineffective, because tricyclic antidepressants produce unpleasant side effects such as confusion, increased heartbeat, urinary retention and constipation.